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Ipswich Christadelphians

"Prove all things, hold fast what is good" 1Th 5:21

Short articles that give food for thought. Click on the '+' to review articles.

Women in Christ's Genealogy…

Women in Christ's Genealogy…

Women in Christ's Genealogy

  The women in Christ’s line…An extract from the Testimony Magazine, February 2016 There are four women mentioned in the genealogy of Christ as recorded by Matthew. It is suggested that they reflect the life in Christ of a baptised believer. &nbs hab, the harlot. Rahab lived in Jericho in a world so steeped in sin that it had to be totally destroyed. However, she heard of the might of the God of Israel and believed in the way that He had led His people Israel out of Egypt and throug…

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Keep Hanging On!…

Keep Hanging On!…

Keep Hanging On!

Every day we say things which are not to be taken literally. If we’re not feeling well, we might say that “We’re under the weather” or that we “Feel like death”. That’s just a colourful way of expressing our feelings, and everybody understands that. Literaurative? Smetaphors are used which have a quite different meaning when applied literally. We might say that “My heart stopped when I saw it!”, when we really mean that we were very shocked at something we had seen. But…

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The Prophet Isaiah…

The Prophet Isaiah…

Isaiah lived in the times of Uzziah, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah – about 740 to 680 BC. This was the period when the Assyrian Empire was growing in power, and Judah was about to be invaded by Sennacherib. Isaiah lived in royal circles (he was a great friend and advisor of King Hezekiah) and had a wife and children in Jerusalem. Isaiah is writing at a time of nations in decline, he is as it were sent at the 11th&n ur to speak to Israel. Basically the book can be divided into 3 rough s…

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Developing Bible Study Skills - 5…

Developing Bible Study Skills - 5…

David's input into Solomon's temple This study s designed to highlight a number of different aspects of Bible study, as follows: that Bible study is not difficult or the preserve of the intellectual the need to give careful attention to the text the value of comparing Scripture with Scripture the value of building up a picture from various scriptures the value of recording and preserving information found. &n  You will need: Bible with marginal references, concordance or compueriz…

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When the time is right…

When the time is right…

When the time is right

Sometimes things happen just because we are in the right place at the right time. Or, if it is something bad that happens, because we were in the wrong place at that very time. What if we had been born at a different time in the world’s history?&n  you had been born in the Middle Ages, just reading this website (had it been around at the time!) could have cost you your life. Many people were executed just because they wanted to read the Bible for themselves. At that time the Church held the m…

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Developing Bible Study Skills - 4…

Developing Bible Study Skills - 4…

  The Promise To David  This study is designed to highlight a number of different aspects of Bible study, as follows: that Bible study is not difficult or the preserve of the intellectual the need to give careful attention to the text the value of comparing Scripture with Scripture the value of following up quotations the value of recording and preserving information found. You will need: Bible with marginal references, concordance or computerized Bible There are two ac…

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Developing Bible Study Skills - 3…

Developing Bible Study Skills - 3…

Psalm 34 and David’s experiences This study is designed to highlight a number of different aspects of Bible study, as follows: at Bible study is not difficult or the preserve of the intellectualtrneed to give careful attention to the texttrimportance of contexttrvalue of comparing Scripture with Scripturetrvalue of recording and preserving information found. will need: &nbs e with marginal references; &nbs ordance or computerised Bible&nbs The title of Psalm 3…

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Developing Bible Study Skills - 2…

Developing Bible Study Skills - 2…

Developing Bible Study Skills - 2

  The death of Saul You will need a Bible, a Bible Atlas, a concordance.   Read 1 Samuel 31     This study is designed to highlight the following aspects of Bible study from the list given in Part 1: 1 show that Bible study is not difficult or the preserve of the intellectual show the need to give careful attention to the text reveal the value of knowing Biblical geography highlight the value of recording and preserving information found The Bi…

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Developing Bible Study Skills - 1…

Developing Bible Study Skills - 1…

Introduction This series of short articles is designed to demonstrate, by working through some simple pieces of Bible exposition, that Bible study is not just for the academic. It is hoped that any who read these short expositions will realise, if they have not done so already, that rewarding Bible study is within the grasp of us all. All that will be required to develop your own studies along similar lines will be a Bible, ideally with marginal cross-references; a good concordance or comp…

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Salvation from sin and death…

Salvation from sin and death…

Salvation from sin and death

  Criminal Convictions The original Guildhall at Lichfield probably goes back even further than 1421, the first recorded date. It was known to be the meeting place of the guild of St Mary and St John which was founded in 1387, hence its name the “Guildhall.” And the later use of part of the building as a prison is enough to send a chill down one’s spine. For in the times in question there was little mercy shown to suspected criminals; the only protection from the weather was the bars w…

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The Lamb of God…

The Lamb of God…

The Lamb of God

    It was John the Baptist who first made the connection. He had become a well-known figure in First Century Israel; a priest by birth who had become a reformer instead. Positioning himself by the River Jordan, instead of in the Temple at Jerusalem, he had summoned the nation to renew their vows and to enter into a new spiritual experience. They were to repent of their sins and be baptised in the Jordan. Coming Deliverer But, on his own admission, John was not the centre of the r…

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What's around the corner?…

What's around the corner?…

What's around the corner?

    Have you ever travelled along a twisting and narrow road hoping that there is no other vehicle approaching the same tricky corner at the same time? Or have you walked along a winding path wondering what you are going to see around the corner, hoping that you will get a new insight into how near you are to your journey’s end? rld Events Things that are happening in today’s world are a bit like that for some people. We seem to be turning a corner, but nobody is very sure what…

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One step at a time…

One step at a time…

One step at a time

Climbing steps is easy enough when you are young and fit but not so easy when you’re getting older and a bit stiff. Young people love to race up, partly to show what they can do at their age; older folk have learned that it’s surprising what you can accomplish if you take things one step at a time. r ChallengesLife can present us with some formidable challenges. We might have a crisis with our health, or with that of someone close to us. We could lose our job; have to move home; make…

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Coping with Change…

Coping with Change…

Coping with Change

 This is the time of year in Britain when it might snow. It might or it might not. The weather has been so unpredictable of late − 2012 being almost the wettest year since records began − that anything might happen. Some years it snows heavily; occasionally we get a very severe winter; but it could remain mild. It’s that unpredictability that makes it difficult to plan ahead so that everything carries on much as before, snow or no snow. ck! is well known that a light snowfall c…

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Felixstowe Talk…

Developing Bible Study Skills - 4

The Promise To David 

 

 

This study is designed to highlight a number of different aspects of Bible study, as follows:

  • that Bible study is not difficult or the preserve of the intellectual
  • the need to give careful attention to the text
  • the value of comparing Scripture with Scripture
  • the value of following up quotations
  • the value of recording and preserving information found.

You will need: Bible with marginal references, concordance or computerized Bible

There are two accounts of the promise to David, 2 Samuel 7:12-17 and 1 Chronicles 17:11-15. Additionally, language from the promise is used in other parts of Scripture. This study will investigate:

  • why there are two accounts of the promise
  • why there are differences between the two
  • the context of David’s expectations
  • the way in which the promise is quoted and expounded in other parts of Scripture.

It will also develop exhortation, based on the fact that the way in which the promise is used shows that believers are spoken of in the promise.

When comparing parallel passages of Scripture, it is always valuable to place the two passages side by side. In this way the records can be quickly and easily compared. It would be a useful exercise at this point to compare carefully the two accounts (perhaps using two Bibles) in order to see the similarities, differences and omissions.

Compare carefully 2 Samuel 7:12-17 and 1 Chronicles 17:11-15, and note any differences and omissions

Why the differences?

The first thing we should note is the differences between the two accounts; after all, they both claim to be the “vision” that Nathan spoke to David. Having noted that there are differences in two accounts that claim to record the same event, we should not immediately assume that the differences are random and meaningless. We must ask, Why are there differences?, and approach the question in a positive, systematic and enquiring way.

There are three significant areas of contrast between the two accounts:

1 2 Samuel 7 focuses on David’s son—“out of thy bowels”, “thy”, “thine”—whereas 1 Chronicles 17 is not so time dependent, using “of thy sons”, and has God using “Mine” and “My” to speak of the kingdom and throne, making it His rather than David’s.

2 Whereas 2 Samuel 7:15 mentions Saul by name, 1 Chronicles 17:13 is less personal: “him that was before thee”.

3 There is no mention at all in 1 Chronicles 17 of committing iniquity, as found in 2 Samuel 7:14.

The differences and omission follow a pattern, which confirms our initial assumption that the differences are not random. So we conclude that there is good reason for the differences, and ask, What is the reason?

Help from Psalm 89

Rather than speculate, we should look for Scripturally based reasons for the differences and omission. Can we find passages that expound or comment upon the promise recorded in 2 Samuel 7 and 1 Chronicles 17?

Look at the marginal references to 2 Samuel 7:12-17 and note any passages that occur several times

There are four references to Psalm 89 in 2 Samuel 7:12-17, and nine references to 2 Samuel 7 in Psalm 89. Although the marginal references are not part of the inspired Scripture, they were devised by men who had a love and thorough knowledge of Scripture, who evidently thought that there is some link between the promise to David and Psalm 89. So maybe we would benefit from comparing the psalm with 2 Samuel 7:12-17 and 1 Chronicles 17:11-15.

Read 2 Samuel 7:12-17 and 1 Chronicles 17:11-15, and then read Psalm 89, looking for similarities between the two accounts of the promise and the psalm

On reading the psalm we notice the different words used to speak of the ones who will be beneficiaries of the promise contained in the psalm:

he/his/him (vv. 20-29,33)

his seed/his children/they/their (vv. 29-32).

We should now be asking, Why this difference in the wording?

Singular and plural

On reading the psalm again, we notice in particular that, whilst God says, “My mercy will I keep for him for evermore” (v. 28), it is the children of whom it is said, “If [they] forsake My law” (v. 30), and on whom God will “visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes” (v. 32). The record then reverts to “him”, saying, “My lovingkindness will I not utterly take from him” (v. 33). So we see that the psalm makes a distinction between “him”, who is blessed, and “children”, who will be punished if they break the commandments.

Returning to the two accounts of the promise, we notice that it is the promise which focuses on the near term—“Saul, whom I put away before thee” (2 Sam. 7:15)—which speaks of committing iniquity (v. 14), whereas the record in 1 Chronicles 17 does not have this immediate focus. We ask, Can it be that the two accounts of the same promise focus on different people? The conclusion is that, whereas 2 Samuel 7 has Solomon as its immediate focus, 1 Chronicles 17 has Christ as its immediate focus. This would explain why 2 Samuel 7:14 speaks of committing iniquity and 1 Chronicles 17 does not.

So we might ask, What is Psalm 89:30 talking about when it says, “If his children forsake My law . . .”? It might be thought that the obvious answer is that it speaks of all David’s sons who would reign upon his throne, starting with Solomon.

It is important, however, to think beyond the immediate fulfilment, especially as we have seen that 1 Chronicles 17 speaks primarily of Messiah. We might ask, Is there any indication in the New Testament that Messiah being the son of David is an important issue?

The seed of David

A concordance search of the name ‘David’ in the New Testament reveals that he is an important figure in the presentation of the gospel. The New Testament opens, “The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham”; and that it is an important aspect of Paul’s preaching is shown by the words, “. . . concerning His Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh” (Rom. 1:3).

That the promise to David is to be fulfilled in Christ is seen in the words, “the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David” (Lk. 1:32). That the Gentiles are to be associated with David is seen in the way that James, in Acts 15:13-18, states that the words, “In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen” (Amos 9:11), are fulfilled in the call of the Gentiles.

The exhortation is that we are the “children” of Psalm 89:30. Even though we might fall short of the ideal, the promise is sure because “My lovingkindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail. My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of My lips” (vv. 33,34). Thus the promise is sure, despite the failings of the “children”.

In this study we have seen how important it is to consider carefully the details of the text, to compare parallel accounts and to note the differences, and then ask why. We have seen that, by following up marginal references that highlight the way Scripture quotes itself, we can be sure of our exposition and gain exhortation from our findings.

Record your findings

Once again, we should be aware that we will not remember the details that we have discovered unless we make notes. Putting 2 Samuel 7 and 1 Chronicles 17 side by side enables significant contrasts to be highlighted. Marginal notes between Psalm 89 and 2 Samuel 7/1 Chronicles 17 will remind us of the links.


This article was originally published by The Testimony Magazine. Many articles to encourage personal study of Bible principles are available at The Testimony Magazine website www.testimony-magazine.org. Copying this article for distribution is encouraged on the conditional that the article is distributed in full without modification.

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